References

What we know

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Australian social trends March quarter 2012. cat. no. 4102.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Causes of death, Australia. cat. no. 3303.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Buhrich, N., T. Hodder and M. Teesson (2003). Down and Out in Sydney (V0l.2): Caring for homeless people who have a mental disorder. Sydney, Research Group in Mental Health and Homelessness.

Deloitte Access Economics (2007). Smoking and mental illness: Costs. Melbourne SANE Australia.

Indig, D., L. Topp, B. Ross, H. Mamoon, B. Border, S. Kumar and M. McNamara (2010). 2009 NSW inmate health survey: Key findings report. Sydney, Justice Health Sydney.

InforMH (2013). Clinical Information Benchmarking Report Engine v10 for Period ending December 2013 Kendall, P. C. and R. C. Kessler (2002). “The impact of childhood psychopathology interventions on subsequent substance abuse: policy implications, comments, and recommendations.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 70(6): 1303.

Laursen, T. M., T. Munk-Olsen and M. Vestergaard (2012). “Life expectancy and cardiovascular mortality in persons with schizophrenia.” Current opinion in psychiatry 25(2): 83-88.

Lim, D., K. Sanderson and G. Andrews (2000). “Lost productivity among full‐time workers with mental disorders.” The journal of mental health policy and economics 3(3): 139-146.

McDermott, S., J. Bruce, I. Oprea, K. R. Fisher and K. Muir (2011). Evaluation of the Mental Health, Housing and Accommodation Support Initiative (HASI): Second Report, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales.

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

National Mental Health Commission (2013). A Contributing Life: the 2013 National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. Sydney, National Mental Health Commission.

NSW Government (2014). NSW Health Budget 2013-14. Sydney, NSW Government.

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2014). Report on Government Services 2014. Vol. E: Health. Canberra, Productivity Commission.

Infographics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Causes of death, Australia. cat. no. 3303.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012). Mental health services: In brief. cat. no. HSE 125. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing (2013). National Mental Health Report 2013: Tracking progress of mental health reform in Australia 1993-2011. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

Reform - the story so far

Burdekin, B., D. Hall, M. Guilfoyle and National Inquiry Concerning the Human Rights of People with Mental Illness (1993). Human rights and mental illness: Report of the national inquiry into the human rights of people with mental illness. Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service.

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (1989). Our Homeless Children: Report of the national inquiry into homeless children. Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service.

New South Wales Parliament Legislative Council Select Committee on Mental Health (2002). Inquiry into mental health services in New South Wales. Parliamentary paper no. 368. Sydney, NSW Parliament.

Richmond, D. (1983). Inquiry into health services for the psychiatrically ill and developmentally disabled. Sydney, NSW Department of Health. World Health Organisation (2013). Comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2020, World Health Organisation.

Aboriginal communities

NSW Aboriginal Affairs (2013). OCHRE: Opportunity, Choice, Healing, Responsibility, Empowerment. Sydney, NSW Aboriginal Affairs.

NSW Ministry of Health (2012). NSW Aboriginal Health Plan 2013-2023. Sydney, NSW Ministry of Health.

Infographics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013). Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, June 2011. cat. no. 3238.0.55.001. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013). Life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2010-2012. cat no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra,

Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013). Prisoners in Australia, 2013. cat. no. 4517.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence (2012). Psychological distress by Aboriginality, persons aged 16 years and over, NSW 2002 to 2011. Sydney, Health Statistics New South Wales.

Vos, T., B. Barker, S. Begg, L. Stanley and A. D. Lopez (2009). “Burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: the Indigenous health gap.” International Journal of Epidemiology 38(2): 470-477.

Rural communities

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010). Suicides. cat. no. 3309.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Hart, L. M., A. F. Jorm, L. G. Kanowski, C. M. Kelly and R. L. Langlands (2009). “Mental health first aid for Indigenous Australians: Using Delphi consensus studies to develop guidelines for culturally appropriate responses to mental health problems.” BMC psychiatry 9(1): 47. Pirkis, J., M. Harris, W. Hall and M. Ftanou (2011). “Evaluation of the better access to psychiatrists, psychologists and general practitioners through the Medicare Benefits Schedule Initiative.” Melbourne: Centre for Health Policy Programs and Economics, University of Melbourne.

Suicide Prevention Australia (2008). Position Statement: Responding to suicide in rural Australia. Sydney, Suicide Prevention Australia.

Infographics

National Rural Mental Health Alliance (2009). Fact sheet 18: Mental health in rural Australia National Rural Mental Health Alliance. Canberra.

Multicultural communities

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Census of Population and Housing 2011. Basic Community Profile. cat. no. 2001.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012). Census of Population and Housing 2011. Expanded Community Profile. cat. no. 2005.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Coffey, G. J., I. Kaplan, R. C. Sampson and M. M. Tucci (2010). “The meaning and mental health consequences of long-term immigration detention for people seeking asylum.” Social science & medicine 70(12): 2070-2079. Minas, H., R. Kakuma, L. S. Too, H. Vayani, S. Orapeleng, R. Prasad-Ildes, G. Turner, N. Procter and D. Oehm (2012). Mental health research and evaluation in multicultural Australia: Developing a culture of inclusion. Mental Health in Multicultural Australia. Centre for International Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne.

Infographics

DiverseWerks (2014). CALD research to assist with development of the draft Strategic Plan, Prepared for the Mental Health Commission of NSW.

Sexuality and Identity

Couch, M., M. Pitts, H. Mulcare, S. Croy and S. Patel (2007). Tranznation: A report on the health and wellbeing of transgender people in Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University.

Dyson, S., A. Mitchell, A. Smith, G. Dowsett, M. Pitts and L. Hillier (2003). Don’t ask, don’t tell: Hidden in the crowd: the need for documenting links between sexuality and suicidal behaviour among young people. Monograph Series Number 45. Melbourne, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University.

Grierson, J., J. Power, M. Pitts, S. Croy, T. Clement, R. Thorpe and K. McDonald (2009). HIV futures six: Making positive lives count. La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

Leonard, W., M. Pitts, A. Mitchell, A. Lyons, A. Smith, S. Patel, M. Couch and A. Barrett (2012). Private Lives 2: The second national survey of the health and wellbeing of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Australians. Mongraph Series Number 86. Melbourne, The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University.

Pitts, M., A. Smith, A. Mitchell and S. Patel (2006). Private lives: A report on the health and wellbeing of GLTBI Australians. La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

Smith, A., C. E. Rissel, J. Richters, A. E. Grulich and R. O. Visser (2003). “Sex in Australia: sexual identity, sexual attraction and sexual experience among a representative sample of adults.” Australian and New Zealand journal of public health 27(2): 138-145.

Suicide Prevention Australia (2009). Position Statement: Suicide and self-harm among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender communities. Sydney, Suicide Prevention Australia.

Infographics

Hillier et al (2004). Drug-use patterns of heterosexual and non-heterosexual women: Data from the Women’s Health Australia Study. Out in the antipodes: Australian & New Zealand perspectives on gay and lesbian issues in psychology. D. W. Riggs and G. A. Walker. Western Australia, Brightfire Press.

Hillier, L., T. Jones, M. Monagle, N. Overton, L. Gahan, J. Blackman and A. Mitchell (2010). Writing themselves in 3: The third national study on sexual health and wellbeing of same sex attracted and gender questioning young people. Melbourne, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University.

Howard, J., A. Arcuri, P. Aggleton, A. Ball and P. Mane (2006). “Drug use among same-sex attracted young people.” Sex, drugs and young people: International perspectives: 101-119.

Physical health

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013). Diabetes and disability: Impairments, activity limitations, participation restrictions and comorbidities. cat. no. CVD 63. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Colquhoun, D. M., S. J. Bunker, D. M. Clarke, N. Glozier, D. L. Hare, I. B. Hickie, J. Tatoulis, D. R. Thompson, G. H. Tofler and A. Wilson (2013). “Screening, referral and treatment for depression in patients with coronary heart disease.” Medical Journal of Australia 198(9): 483-484.

Kisely, S., L.-H. Quek, J. Pais, R. Lalloo, N. W. Johnson and D. Lawrence (2011). “Advanced dental disease in people with severe mental illness: Systematic review and meta-analysis.” The British Journal of Psychiatry 199(3): 187-193.

National Mental Health Commission (2012). A Contributing Life: the 2012 National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. Sydney, National Mental Health Commission.

Infographics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

Intellectual disability

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2008). Disability in Australia: Intellectual disability. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Bulletin no. 67.

Cooper, S., E. Smiley, J. Morrison, A. Williamson and L. Allan (2007). “Mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities: prevalence and associated factors.” British Journal of Psychiatry 190: 27-35. Howlett, S. and J. Trollor (2013). Clinical services planning for adults with an intellectual disability (ID) and co-occurring mental disorders. University of New South Wales, The Department of Developmental Disability Neuropsychiatry.

NSW Ombudsman (2012). Denial of rights: the need to improve accommodation and support for people with psychiatric disability. Sydney, NSW Ombudsman.

Infographics

Slade, T., A. Johnston, M. Teesson, H. Whiteford, P. Burgess, J. Pirkis and S. Saw (2009). The mental health of Australians 2: Report on the 2007 national survey of mental health and wellbeing. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

Tonge, B. and S. Einfeld (2000). “The trajectory of psychiatric disorders in young people with intellectual disabilities.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 34(1): 80-84.

The justice system

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012). Juvenile justice in Australia 2010-11. cat. no. JUV 10. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Baldry, E. and E. McEntyre (2011). “Prison bars are health barriers.” O&G Magazine 13(3): 53-54.

NSW Law Reform Commission (2012). People with cognitive and mental health impairments in the criminal justice system: Diversion. Sydney, NSW Law Reform Commission.

Skeem, J. L., S. Manchak and J. K. Peterson (2011). “Correctional policy for offenders with mental illness.” Law and human behavior 35(2): 110-126.

Infographics

Indig, D., L. Topp, B. Ross, H. Mamoon, B. Border, S. Kumar and M. McNamara (2010). 2009 NSW inmate health survey: Key findings report. Sydney, Justice Health Sydney.

McCausland, R., E. Baldry, S. Johnson and A. Cohen (2013). People with mental health disorders and cognitive impairment in the criminal justice system: Cost-benefit analysis of early support and diversion. Sydney, University of New South Wales and PwC.

Drugs and alcohol

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012). Australia’s health 2012. cat. no. AUS 156. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Deady, M., M. Teesson, K. Mills, F. Kay-Lambkin, A. Baker, A. Baillie, F. Shand, L. Manns, H. Christensen and P. Haber (2013). One person, diverse needs: Living with mental health and drug and alcohol difficulties. Sydney, National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use.

O’Connor, N., G. E. Hunt, M. O’Hara-Aarons, A. Hall, J. Snars, V. Storm and T. Lambert (2014). “The Sydney Mental Health Client Mortality Audit: What does it tell us and what are we to do?” Australasian Psychiatry: 1039856213519690.

Stenbacka, M., A. Leifman and A. Romelsjö (2010). “Mortality and cause of death among 1705 illicit drug users: A 37 year follow up.” Drug and alcohol review 29(1): 21-27.

Infographics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian

Lawrence, D., C. Holman and A. Jablensky (2001). Preventable physical illness in people with mental illness. University of Western Australia, Centre for Health Services Research, Department of Public Health.

Reform - what we need

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012). Mental health services: In brief. cat. no. HSE 125. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Begg, S., T. Vos, B. Barker, C. Stevenson, L. Stanley and A. Lopez (2007). The burden of disease and injury in Australia 2003. cat. no. PHE 82. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

NSW Government (2014). NSW Health Budget 2013-14. Sydney, NSW Government.

Richmond, D. (1983). Inquiry into health services for the psychiatrically ill and developmentally disabled. Sydney, NSW Department of Health.

The whole community

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

World Health Organisation (2001). The world health report 2001- Mental health: New understanding, new hope. Geneva, World Health Organization.

World Health Organisation (2014). Fact sheet 220: Mental health: Strengthening our response. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Infographics

Moodie, R. and R. Jenkins (2005). “I’m from the government and you want me to invest in mental health promotion. Well why should I?” Promotion & Education: 37-41.

Oades, L. (2013). Building Community Resilience and Wellbeing The University of Wollongong. Unpublished, Prepared for the Mental Health Commission of NSW.

World Health Organisation (2004). Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice: Summary report. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Young children

Australian Government (2013). A snapshot of early childhood development in Australia 2012: AEDI national report. Canberra, Australian Government.

Brinkman, S. A., A. Gialamas, A. Rahman, M. N. Mittinty, T. A. Gregory, S. Silburn, S. Goldfeld, S. R. Zubrick, V. Carr and M. Janus (2012). “Jurisdictional, socioeconomic and gender inequalities in child health and development: analysis of a national census of 5-year-olds in Australia.” BMJ Open 2(5).

Moore, T. and M. McDonald (2013). Acting Early, Changing Lives: How prevention and early action saves money and improves wellbeing. Prepared for the Benevolent Society. Melbourne, The Murdoch Children’s Research Institute and The Royal Children’s Hospital.

Infographics

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012). Experience of perinatal depression: data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey. Information Paper. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Egger, H. L. and A. Angold (2006). “Common emotional and behavioral disorders in preschool children: presentation, nosology, and epidemiology.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 47(3‐4).

School aged children

NSW Department of Community Services (2007). A closer look: Recent trends in child protection reports to DoCS. Sydney, NSW Department of Community Services.

Sawyer, M., F. Arney, P. Baghurst, J. Clark, B. Graetz, R. Kosky, B. Nurcombe, G. Patton, M. Prior and B. Raphael (2000). Mental health of young people in Australia. Canberra, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.

Infographics

Australian Government (2013). A snapshot of early childhood development in Australia 2012: AEDI national report. Canberra, Australian Government.

Maybery, D. J., A. E. Reupert, K. Patrick, M. Goodyear and L. Crase (2009). “Prevalence of parental mental illness in Australian families.” Psychiatric Bulletin 33(1): 22-26. Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health (2009). The chance of a lifetime, preventing early conduct problems and reducing crime, Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.

Sawyer, M., F. Arney, P. Baghurst, J. Clark, B. Graetz, R. Kosky, B. Nurcombe, G. Patton, M. Prior and B. Raphael (2000). Mental health of young people in Australia. Canberra, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.

South Australian Department of Education and Children’s Services (2006). Healthy Minds/Healthy Futures: Child Mental Health and Wellbeing Study. Predicting and Improving Mental Health Resilience in Early Childhood. Summary of Research Findings From 2005 for Educators.

Youth and young adults

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: Summary of results 2007. cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Mission Australia (2013). Youth Survey 2013, Mission Australia.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (2012). Doing well: helping young people achieve their potential. Adelaide, National Centre for Vocational Education Research.

Orygen Youth Health Research Centre (2011). Models of collaborative care for children and youth (0-25 Years): Final report. Victoria, Orygen Youth Health Research Centre.

Infographics

Inspire Foundation and Ernst & Young (2012). Counting the Cost: The impact of young men’s mental health on the Australian economy. Sydney, Inspire Foundation and Ernst & Young.

Mission Australia (2013). Youth Survey 2013, Mission Australia.

Muir, K., K. Mullan, A. Powell, S. Flaxman, D. Thompson and M. Griffiths (2009). State of Australia’s Young People: A report on the social, economic, health and family lives of young people. Report for Office of Youth, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

The lived experience

Australian Health Disaster Management Policy Committee (2009). Fourth National Mental Health Plan: An agenda for collaborative government action in mental health 2009-2014. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

Infographics

Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (2013). A national framework for recovery-oriented mental health services: Guide for practioners and providers. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

Breaking the cycle

Weatherburn, D., L. Snowball and B. H. Hunter (2006). “Economic and Social Factors Underpinning Indigenous Contact with the Justice System: Results from the 2002 NATSISS Survey, The.” BOCSAR NSW Crime and Justice Bulletins: 16.

Infographics

Butler, T. and L. Milner (2003). 2001 New South Wales inmate health survey. Sydney, Corrections Health Service.

Indig, D., L. Topp, B. Ross, H. Mamoon, B. Border, S. Kumar and M. McNamara (2010). 2009 NSW inmate health survey: Key findings report. Sydney, Justice Health Sydney.

Weatherburn, D., L. Snowball and B. H. Hunter (2006). “Economic and Social Factors Underpinning Indigenous Contact with the Justice System: Results from the 2002 NATSISS Survey, The.” BOCSAR NSW Crime and Justice Bulletins: 16.

The whole person

Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia (2011). The Physical Health of People Living with a Mental Illness – Literature Review, Programs Overview & Recommendations. Marleston, Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia Inc. Parslow, R. A., V. Lewis and G. Marsh (2011). “The general practitioner’s role in providing mental health services to Australians, 1997 and 2007: Findings from the national surveys of mental health and wellbeing—Research-In a decade of increasing access, did GPs take up the mantle?” Medical Journal of Australia 195(4).

Vinogradova, Y., C. Coupland, J. Hippisley-Cox, S. Whyte and C. Penny (2010). “Effects of severe mental illness on survival of people with diabetes.” The British Journal of Psychiatry 197(4): 272-277.

Infographics

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

Kruse, J., N. Schmitz and W. Thefeld (2003). “On the Association Between Diabetes and Mental Disorders in a Community Sample Results from the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey.” Diabetes Care 26(6): 1841-1846.

Older people

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010). Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, Jun 2010. cat. no. 3201.0. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Draper, B. and L.-F. Low (2010). “Psychiatric services for the “old” old.” International Psychogeriatrics 22(04): 582-588.

Morgan, V. A., A. Waterreus, A. Jablensky, A. Mackinnon, J. J. McGrath, V. Carr, R. Bush, D. Castle, M. Cohen and C. Harvey (2012). “People living with psychotic illness in 2010: The second Australian national survey of psychosis.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 46(8): 735-752.

Infographics

Beard, J., S. Biggs, D. Bloom, L. Fried, P. Hogan, A. Kalache and S. Olshansky (2011). Global population ageing: Peril or promise. Geneva. World Economic Forum.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013). Depression in residential aged care 2008–2012. cat no. AGE 73. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Reform - are we getting there?

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011). Mental health services in Australia: Expenditure on specialised mental health services. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014). Mental health establishments NMDS 2011-12. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Expert Reference Group to COAG Working Group on Mental Health Reform (2013). National targets and indicators for mental health reform. Sydney, National Mental Health Commission.

Last updated: 5 April 2017

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